For The Arctic Ocean Above 80 North, It’s Still Summer in November

It’s going to be the hottest year on record — by a long shot. Just ask Gavin Schmidt at a NASA that the climate change denying Trump Administration has now imperiled. But in one region — the Arctic — the rate of heat accumulation has been outrageously extreme. And it is there that this new record warmth could inflict some of the worst damage to an increasingly fragile Earth System.

Summer Heat During Fall Above 80 North

For in the Arctic Ocean above the 80 degree north latitude line which encircles the crest of our world, temperatures today are around 17 degrees Celsius above average. These are the warmest temperatures for this region ever recorded. And they include numerous locations in which temperatures spike to well above 20 C (36 F) warmer than average.


(Temperatures above the 80 degree north latitude line during mid November are about equal to what you would typically expect for late summer. This record warmth in the Arctic is notably severe and could produce serious near term climate and weather impacts. Image source: DMI.)

Taken in total, this region — one that includes the North Pole — is currently experiencing temperatures that it would typically see from September 15 through 21. In other words, it’s about as warm now, on November 14th, in the zone surrounding the North Pole as it typically is during the last week of summer.

It wouldn’t be quite so bad if temperatures had simply rocketed to new highs on this particular day as part of a wild temperature swing. Unfortunately, readings instead have remained consistently high throughout autumn. They have levitated off the baseline 1958-2002 average range for the better part of 80 days. And as temperatures maintained near late summer or early fall averages, the departure from normal (represented by the green line in the graph above) has continued to intensify throughout November. Such long-term maintenance of high temperatures risks producing some severe lasting impacts on both the Arctic and the global environment.

The North Pole’s Big Red Hole

The temperature range we see now is nothing less than astonishing and, to this particular observer, terrifying. A huge hole has been blown in the heart of what should be the building cold of winter. And if it doesn’t reform soon, it will have some serious knock-on climate effects to include worsening atmospheric circulation changes, related increasingly extreme weather, impacts to growing seasons, impacts to sea ice, impacts to Greenland ice, and impacts to life in the Arctic and beyond.


(Today, large swaths of the Arctic Ocean are expected to see temperatures hit 20 C [36 F] + warmer than normal. These temperatures are so high that recently ice-covered sections will, over the next five days, experience temperatures between -2 C and 0 C — or warm enough to produce temporary melt. Such a condition has never been witnessed to the extent that it is now so late in the year. A clear sign that global warming is starting to bite deeper than we had hoped. Image source: Climate Reanalyzer. Note — the map shows temperature departures above [red shift] and below [blue shift] the, already warmer than normal, 1979-2000 baseline average.)

This record fall warmth appears to be part of an ever-more-pervasive ‘death of winter’ type scenario related to human-caused global warming. And unless temperatures in the Arctic revert back toward base-line pretty soon, we are at increasing risk of hitting some state-change tipping points. In particular, these center around a nearer term loss of Arctic Ocean ice than expected. An event that could happen this year if we experience an anomalously warm winter followed by a similarly warm summer — but one that many experts expect to hold off until the 2030s. An alteration that, longer term, under the continued fossil fuel burning presently promoted by the Trump Administration, basically removes winter as a season pretty much altogether (at least as we know it).

I sincerely hope that we see a return to baseline temperature conditions in the Arctic soon. But as the days roll by, this seems less and less likely. Warm winds keep flowing in both from the Barents and the Bering. And the centers of coldest Northern Hemisphere regions are well displaced toward Siberia and Greenland. If this situation continues, implications for summer sea ice during 2017 could be pretty rough (more on this in the follow-on post). And it’s at the point where we hit ice-free summer states in the Arctic Ocean that some very radical regional, hemispheric, and global changes (which produce even worse effects than some of the bad outcomes we’ve already seen) will be well underway.


Climate of Gavin

Cires1 80 North Temperature Anomaly


Jennifer Francis on Jet Stream Changes due to Sea Ice Loss

Climate Reanalyzer

The Trump Administration’s Anti-Climate, Pro-Fossil Fuels Agenda

From the Bering to Maine Hot Oceans are Killing the Puffin


Leave a comment


  1. climatehawk1

     /  November 14, 2016

    Tweet scheduled.

  2. entropicman

     /  November 14, 2016

    Another way of putting it.

    This Autumn the high Arctic is cooling at half its normal rate!

  3. Greg

     /  November 14, 2016

    Bodø, located just north of the Arctic Circle. Under the Köppen Climate Classification Bodø sits on the border between “Cfb” (Oceanic) and “Cfc” (Subpolar Oceanic Climate); with its location on the Arctic Circle the city features one of the largest latitudinal temperature anomalies on Earth.

  4. Xavier

     /  November 14, 2016

    Let’s hope we’re not witnessing the same fastforward timeline as in the end of the movie “the age of stupid”. I’m in wine business and every year passing we can feel the impact of climate change . The taste have shifted for bordeaux clearly since early 2000s . Wine is a great tool to monitor what’s happening to the soil. 4 years of Weather calamities have put burgundy in a very shaky situation. This is not sustainable. Wait till we experience hailstorms with hail the size of baseball balls ripping through some famous estates.

    • Thanks for your testimony, Xavier. I’m not happy about the prospects for tea or coffee either. But those Puffins have broken my heart.

      • …or cocoa. I think I’ve downloaded almost fifty photos of puffins this past week. I wonder, will photographs give us solace or just make us more despondent in the future?

        • Ryan in New England

           /  November 15, 2016

          While photos will certainly be appreciated by future generations, I expect ultimately they will be a painful reminder of how thoroughly we destroyed the breathtaking complexity and wonder that was Earth’s biosphere. As a kid I remember wanting desperately to see a photo of a Dodo bird or a Moa…or a dinosaur! But when I saw photos of the Thylazine I distinctly remember being angry about the fact that they were extinct. I was upset that others had chosen to eliminate this creature from the planet. Forever. They never asked me, and certainly didn’t ask the Thylazine or anyone else. What they did was the very definition of permanent. And I still feel this way. Just now it’s a whole lot worse.

    • mulga mumblebrain

       /  November 15, 2016

      Xavier, we saw just that here in South Australia this week. Another (about the fifth or sixth) savage storm this winter-spring ripped through an agricultural zone, with winds that blew old vines and their posts out of the ground and flat, and hailstones the size of golf-balls that shredded the vines and destroyed this year’s crop of almonds in a number of orchards. One hundred million in damage. In fact the agricultural sector is beginning to scream about the rapidity of climate change, and wine is being affected early. And still the Murdoch MSM is full of denialist morons gibbering that nothing is happening and climate change is some sort of plot. ‘Those who the Gods wish to destroy, they first make mad’.

  5. Cate

     /  November 14, 2016

    Excellent post, RS.

    It is truly frightening, what’s going on in the Arctic now.

    I look at that blasted DMI graph every day, willing it to drop, but so far, when it does drop, it just bounces right back up even higher.

    Meanwhile in Canada, everyone is sitting and squirming in wait-and-see mode when it comes to American policy vis a vis the Arctic on issues such as sovereignty, climate, the law of the sea, and defence.

    • The energy transfer is just insane this year. Warm winds are running up out of the North Atlantic right now along a warm front. They are predicted to flood across the Atlantic side near the North Pole and then run along in a bite between the Arctic Ocean and Siberia before crossing back into the North Pacific. Greenland is surrounded by lows feeding off the dipole between ocean and ice sheet and these are tending to crank northward and deliver their warm, moist air packets.

      Later this week, the flux is supposed to shift back in from the Pacific — with a warm front running into the Beaufort and ESS. I’ve observed these see-saws of Atlantic/Pacific warm wind events before. But never this intense and never so pronounced. And the Arctic Ocean to Siberia dipole is just insane.

  6. Greg

     /  November 14, 2016

    Sweeping over Europe:

  7. I thought I had bookmarked it but I can find anything. I swear I saw an article about the U.S. Navy among other defense agencies planning for an ice-free Arctic as soon as 2030. Does anyone else remember having seen anything like that?

  8. Abel Adamski

     /  November 14, 2016

    Robert if I may, any word on what is happening in Antarctica, that gradient appears rather extreme

  9. Important environmental case in Oregon evidently came at a bad time (The Authoritarianism of Climate Change – 2).

  10. Reply
  11. wili

     /  November 15, 2016

    So are there any estimates of what portions of this extreme heating of the Arctic at this point in the season is due to:

    1) Incursions of warmer, wetter air from lower latitudes (mentioned here and elsewhere, and presumably the major player)

    2) Heat coming out of an unusually warm Arctic Ocean (because more of it was open to absorb sun for longer, and because open seas have bigger waves that stir up more warm water from below)

    3) Increased regional atmospheric water vapor concentration, from said ever-more-open Arctic Ocean–water vapor being, of course, a ghg

    4) Background increase in CO2 concentrations

    5) Other factors that I missed or that we do not fully understand?

    Can we assign percentages to any or all of these, say 80% warm air incursions, 9% heat from the Arctic Ocean, 7% water vapor ghg effect, etc…?

    • wili

       /  November 15, 2016

      Also, has anyone seen any good recent studies of effects on air and ocean currents from this extreme late-fall-early-winter warming (or failure of cooling)?

    • Not sure anyone knows the %s, and I’d guess that now that most of the central basin has frozen up there will be less vapour from the arctic ocean itself. However the increased moisture and temps coming from lower latitudes might keep the temp anomaly going for a while, and if we’re really unlucky, it’ll continue right through winter, and the sea ice will be weak and ripe for a rapid melt out next year.

  12. Tigertown

     /  November 15, 2016

    NSIDC reported Arctic sea ice extent at 8.615M km2 for Nov. 12th but 8.613M for the 13th, hence another stall. There seems little room for growth now, especially with the Atlantic fed waters where the ice front has actually retreated slightly over the last two weeks. I think there is an even more extended stall coming. At this rate, the Arctic will be in bad shape come melt season next year. Also, the ice may have a difficult time thickening, making it even easier to melt. So, very timely article here.

    • Yup, it’s the geographical shape that will limit ice growth and cause another stall now that most of the central basin has sort of frozen up. In the Bering and on the Atlantic side sea surface temps are way to warm to allow easy freezing, and somehow the air above the Arctic Ocean needs to dehumidify so it can start losing some heat to space. But I’m guessing that all these massive intrusions of warmer moister air from lower latitudes will delay that significantly.

  13. From the Arctic News blog, Sam Carana’s latest post has a couple of great images from Wipneus (who does some really good work, in my opinion) showing the combined arctic and antarctic sea ice area and extent, that really illustrate the extreme change in the system that appears to be underway right now.

  14. To add insult to injury, looks like some of the already scarce multi-year ice may disappear down fram straight these coming days:

  15. It’s kind of stunning even though I’m a geophysicist who’s worked in the Arctic in an non-climate field and have been on the “positive feedbacks will make sea ice disappear faster than conservative modelers think” side of things for at least five years or so.

    Warmer Arctic Ocean > slower freeze-up > thinner & less extensive ice > faster spring melt > more waves & more heat-absorbing open water & faster melting > less ice and warmer Arctic Ocean. And repeat.

    As mentioned a while back, Antarctic sea ice has also fallen off a cliff. Its extent is now four (4) weeks ahead of the 1978-2015 average. There are also a half-dozen or more holes large enough for the NSIDC to show on its small 1:100,000,000 scale map, by the coast and far *inside* the perimeter of the circum-Antarctic sea ice. These are on the order of 10,000 to 30,000 km2 in area.

    NSIDC Antarctic sea ice extent
    Nov. 13, 2016: 11.43 million km2
    Avg. Nov 11-13 1978-2015: 11.48 million km2

    Oh, and apparently Donald Trump won some kind of contest. As I understand it was a reality TV show patterned after a U.S. presidential election or something like that. It was widely watched and got terrible reviews.

    • Apologies, critical typo in the above:

      NSIDC Antarctic sea ice extent
      Nov. 13, 2016: 11.43 million km2
      Avg. Dec. 11-13 1978-2015: 11.48 million km2

    • Hi Magma-

      Wonderful to hear from a real geophysicist.

      To me, this looks like a bifurcation point, or tipping point for the Arctic sea ice. What do you think?

      I’m so worried about the pulse of heat that will be working its way down into the undersea permafrost of the East Siberian Arctic Shelf, and subsequent possible methane releases. What do you think?

  16. Arctic sea ice extent (Source: NSIDC graph) on Nov 13 (million km²) :

    Current year 2016 – 8.5 m km²

    Previous record low – 2012 – 8.9 m km²

    Average, 1981 to 2010 – 10.5 m km²

    We are currently about 0.4 m km² below the previous record year, and 2.0 m km² below the average of the already less than normal (as Robert is wont to say) period of 1981-2010.

    Extent is expected to stall, or even be reduced by the present warm spell forecast.

    These numbers do not even begin to address the problem of reduced volume, which itself is being exacerbated by the flow of thicker multi-year ice flowing out the Fram Strait NE of Greenland.

    2016 has been a remarkable year in the Arctic. 2017 bodes ill.

  17. Ryan in New England

     /  November 15, 2016

    I’ve been terrified for our future since the election results, and Trump’s first days in transition mode have not eased my worries one bit. Already he is working on tearing up the Paris climate agreement.

    The possibility of a Trump presidency actually helped spur countries to ratify the agreement on an accelerated timeline, and the agreement officially went into effect on November 4. The agreement itself includes a clause for withdrawal that requires countries to wait a three years after the agreement goes into effect to pull out — from that point, it takes a country a full year to officially leave the agreement. That would mean that, technically, the Paris agreement looks to be Trump-proof, at least through his first term.

    But a source on his transition team told Reuters that the president-elect might be looking at a more extreme option to cancel the Paris agreement, by canceling the very treaty that made the Paris agreement possible in the first place — the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The UNFCCC was ratified by the Senate under George H.W. Bush, and the United States was actually the first developed country to ratify it — largely because the U.S. felt it was important to have a seat at the table for climate negotiations on the international stage.

    Trump could cancel the UNFCCC with an executive order, which would effectively pull the United States out of the Paris agreement within a year. That would mean that the United States was no longer obligated to make payments to the U.N. Green Climate Fund, which was created in order for developed countries to help finance developing countries’ climate mitigation and adaptation projects. But pulling out of the UNFCCC would also mean that the United States would, essentially, become an international pariah with regards to climate negotiations — the country would basically have no official voice, or seat at the table, in climate negotiations or treaties.

  18. Ryan in New England

     /  November 15, 2016

    A Trump presidency, with a Republican House and Senate, and Supreme Court is absolutely a worst case scenario. Any projections of future warming must be updated by throwing away the low-moderate emissions scenarios. The ignorant masses just voted to commit suicide via rapid atmospheric warming and climate destabilization…because they’re afraid of Mexicans and Muslims and want to dig and burn coal until the last pockets of humanity die out and all the lights are off. If we retain any sort of culture or history through the coming century, 2016 will be remembered as the beginning of the new dark ages.

  19. danabanana

     /  November 15, 2016

    “A clear sign that global warming is starting to bite deeper than we had hoped. ”

    There is Hope and then there is Reality…

    Keep your exceedingly good information sharing up! 😀

  20. Cate

     /  November 15, 2016

    This article is pretty grim and pessimistic. Nevertheless, it may be useful for the way it itemises all the possible environmental and climate setbacks that a Trump administration may effect. From a resistor standpoint, it helps to know the size and extent of the monster that is to be resisted and ultimately—I do hope—destroyed.

  21. Cate

     /  November 15, 2016

    Dr. Jason Box, Greenland glaciology specialist, has just posted a horrific graph of Arctic temps projected to 2100 (5.8C) but I’m waiting for context. The graph shows 2016 as definitely on the up-blade of the hockey stick.

    In the meantime, he’s got a new video on the Greenland ice-sheet, “Faster than Forecast.”

  22. Abel Adamski

     /  November 15, 2016

    Record heat in spite of a cooler sun

    For a while, 2010 was the hottest year on record globally. But then it got overtopped by 2014. And 2014 was beaten again by 2015. And now 2016 is so warm that it is certain to be once again a record year. Three record years in a row – that is unprecedented even in all those decades of global warming.

    Strangely, one aspect of this gets barely mentioned: all those heat records occur despite a cold sun (Figs. 1 and 2). The last solar minimum (2008-2010) was the lowest since at least 1950, while the last solar maximum (2013-2015) can hardly be described as such. This is shown, among others, by the sunspot data (Fig. 1) as well as measurements of the solar luminosity from satellites (Fig. 2). Other indicators of solar activity indicate cooling as well

    As climate scientists we are by no means surprised at this development, as there has been clear evidence that the variations of the sun’s activity have played a completely subordinate role in climate change over the last 65 years. We’ve covered this issue many times, e.g. here, here and here. Global warming is driven by greenhouse gases, which is a long-standing consensus in science.

    The current IPCC report, for example, limits the natural contribution to global warming since 1950 to less than plus or minus 0.1 ° C (it might have been negative e.g. because of the fading sun). However, some unsupported claims by “climate skeptics” about the importance of solar variability are now clearly falsified.

    Climate skeptics have repeatedly predicted an imminent global cooling because of the weak sun. Attributing global warming to the sun has become untenable, because solar activity has not increased for the last 65 years. It has been essentially constant, except for the well-known 11-year Schwabe cycle (which also has little effect on global temperature) and a slight downward trend .

  23. 12volt dan

     /  November 15, 2016

    Young scientists pen letter to Trudeau urging environmental assessment overhaul

    Hundreds of young Canadian scientists have signed an open letter to Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and several of his ministers, calling on Ottawa to make changes to “rebuild public trust” in environmental assessments.

    The letter, signed by assistant professors, post-doctoral fellows and graduate students across Canada, was sparked by concerns about the federal reviews of the Pacific NorthWest LNG terminal, Site C dam, Northern Gateway pipeline and other projects.

  24. coloradobob

     /  November 15, 2016

  25. Hi Robert-

    I was buying the climate change denier argument that the Arctic sea ice would always reform in the winter for the next few decades, until I saw this post. Sadly, this looks like a bifurcation point to me. We can expect delayed freezing events like this with increasing frequency, I think.

    It seems reasonable that sea ice volume will be much lower in 2017, and that sea ice volume will spiral down and down.

    No, the Arctic sea ice will not inevitably reform during the Arctic winter, seems to be the message here.

    And what will the next El Nino year bring?

    Jason Box is talking about removing CO2 from the air, in the video posted above. He claims that planting an area equal to 1.5 times the area of Australia with weeds could reduce atmospheric CO2 by 50 ppm. Couple that with carbon capture and storage, and we have BECCS – Biomass Energy wiith Carbon Capture and Storage.

    Every coal fired power plant on the planet should be (inter)nationalized and transformed into a BECCS power plant, I think. Oxy-fuel combustion, in which the biomass is burned in oxygen rather than in air, could produce a reasonably clean stream of CO2 for deep injection. Deep injection into basalt rocks could produce carbonate for true geological time scale sequestration.

    Read and Lermit – Bio-Energy with Carbon Storage (BECS):a Sequential Decision Approach to the threat of Abrupt Climate Change

    Instead, we may have a very ignorant man as effective dictator of the free world, who may be incapable of comprehending or admitting the problem.

    Trump has an apparent problem even admitting that there is an external reality, and that lying about that reality does not change it.

    • The Icelandic Carbfix project uses carbonated water, rather than a pure stream of CO2, to transform 95% of the CO2 injected into basalt rocks into carbonate within 2 years.

      Interestingly enough, the output of a BECCS power plant using oxyfuel combustion and a small amount of high sulfur coal would be mixture of acidified supercritical CO2 and water.

      The Wikipedia link talks about earthquakes – these are microquakes, I think. Because the Richter scale of earthquake intensities is logarithmic, hundreds of tiny microquakes from any sort of deep injection activity are routine, I think.

    • By the way, carbonated water, as is used by Carbfix, may be a better CO2 output from a BECCS power plant than a pure stream of supercritical CO2. Among other reasons, the energy requirements for CO2 compression are less.

      Sea water can also be used for Carbfix – a big plus. Carbonated water is actually denser than non-carbonated water, so there is no buoyancy problem leading to the possible escape of CO2 from the basalt formation. The overall CO2 storage capacity of basalt formations is huge:

      “It has been estimated that the active rift zone in Iceland could store over 400 Gt CO2. The theoretical mineral capacity of the ocean ridges, using the Icelandic analogue, is of the order of 100,000-250,000 Gt CO2. This theoretical storage capacity is significantly larger than the estimated 18,500 Gt CO2 stemming from burning of all fossil fuel carbon on Earth.” For comparison, fossil fuel burning on the earth produces about 26 gtons of CO2 per year.

      The most economical way to transport the CO2 to the basalt formation might be in a gas pipeline, as is routinely done. The U.S. has about 4,500 miles of CO2 pipelines like this.

      So, the CO2 generated by the power plants could be collected by a CO2 collection hub. The output of the hub might go to the basalt formation to be transformed into carbonated water. The CO2 could then be dissolved in water pipe-lined to the basalt formation. Carbonation would occur at about 20-35 atmospheres of pressure – somewhat lower than the 72 atmospheres of pressure needed to produce supercritical CO2, with correspondingly lower energy requirements for compression. The carbonated water could then be deep injected into the basalt formation. Transformation of the CO2 into carbonate would take about two years.

      Roughly 25 tons of water, either fresh water of seawater are required per ton of CO2. They say that the cost so far is about 30 dollars per ton of CO2 – but we can hope that cost would go down with more experience with the process.

    • Leland Palmer

       /  November 17, 2016

      Oh, interesting, and good news.

      The Carbfix fresh water can be recycled. Apparently after dropping its load of carbonation in the basalt formation, it comes back to the surface as drinkable water, the Carbfix site claims. So, that helps with environmental concerns and water usage concerns.

      This seems like a practical way to put carbon back underground, to me, as carbonate.

      Carbon Capture cost reductions are possible through the use of waste heat from the power plant to drive combined pressure and temperature swing adsorption, a means of producing oxygen for oxyfuel combustion. It might also be possible to use waste heat from the power plants to help with cryogenic oxygen production for oxyfuel combustion.

  26. Tigertown

     /  November 15, 2016

    Anyone wants to be completely astonished look at and read about the floods that have happened all over the world in just the last few months alone. Not normal at all.

  27. Geert

     /  November 15, 2016

    A few hours ago, it was +0.4 C on the North Pole…!!!

  28. Carol

     /  November 15, 2016

    Regarding Colorado Bob’s post in a previous thread about Trump not draining the swamp, but changing it to a cesspool: that would make a great bumper sticker or protest sign!

    TRUMP: Turning the Swamp into a Cesspool

  29. Robert in New Orleans

     /  November 15, 2016

    Oh! look at this, more illegal immigrants from the South. I wonder what kind of wall Der Fuhrer Elect will build to keep these guys out.

  30. Jeremy in Wales

     /  November 15, 2016

    The first thing to suffer with climate change is the wildlife. Some results are shocking and sickening such as these dead Polar Bears washing up on Scottish Islands
    (Oddly this story is from the Daily Fascist, sorry Mail, which usually downplays climate stories.)
    The second story is a bit more heartening about a Tropical turtle – an Olive Ridley washing up alive in the Menai Strait and the Isle of Anglesey (Ynys Môn), the first one ever recorded. Vets are trying to warm the animal up – hopefully it will survive.
    Unfortunately most people in the UK are not joining the dots since the weather has been mild but not extreme, a couple of frosts but nothing out of the ordinary. Plus the media seem to be doing their best to ignore any climate global warming story and most are ignorant as to what is happening elsewhere.

    Thanks for the articles Robert, really enlightening.

    • Jeremy in Wales

       /  November 15, 2016

      There again may these Polar Bears actually be bits of Whale – the currents are all wrong as the turtle shows!

  31. June

     /  November 15, 2016

    Jeff Masters’ latest post on the Category 6 blog is very good.

    Trump’s Proposals: Dangerous to our Climate’s Future

  32. Cate

     /  November 15, 2016

    Tuesday Nov 15: DMI Arctic daily mean soaring ever higher.

    Reports of temps near or above freezing at the pole today.

  33. Even more good news:

    Meet Myron Ebell, the Climate Contrarian Leading Trump’s EPA Transition:

    “As Trump now begins the process of staffing his administration, his pick to head the transition team at the EPA, Myron Ebell, offers more insight into the future of U.S. climate policy.

    Ebell, a leading contrarian of the scientific consensus on global warming, leads environmental and energy policy at the Competitive Enterprise Institute, a libertarian advocacy group financed in part by the fossil fuel industry. ”

    The Competitive Enterprise Institute is funded by Donors Trust and Donors Capital Fund, funds that completely launder the source of the funds that they receive. Donors Trust and Donors Capital Fund are major funders of global warming denial. Past contributors to the Competitive Enterprise Institute have included ExxonMobil, the Lambe (Koch) Foundation, the Scaife Foundations,and the usual gang of climate change denial funding sources.

    Desmogblog reports that Donor’s Trust and Donor’s Capital Fund have laundered 479 million dollars in “dark money”. Not even the IRS knows the source of these funds, the article says.

    One source of funding for DT (Donors Trust) / DCF (Donors Capital Fund) is the Koch Family:

    “One major known funder of DT is the Knowledge and Progress Fund (KPF) that donated $7.65 million from 2010 to 2013 — the only grants made by the foundation.

    On the KPF board are oil billionaire and major Republican benefactor Charles Koch, his wife Liz and son Charles Chase Koch.

    Richard Fink, a Koch company director and long-standing aide to Charles Koch, is also a KPF director.”

    So, Ebell is an employee of the Competitive Enterprise Institute, funded by dark money laundered through the Donors funds.

    This guy is a major climate change denier, who has in fact led efforts at the Competitive Enterprise Institute to cast doubt on the existence of human caused global warming.

  34. If you are going to the North pole this winter .. bring a fridge .

  35. I’m so glad I don’t have any children to inherit the state of our poor planet. I wish I could have finished my degree to maybe mitigate the state of things. But how can you fight big energy? You may not pay attention to me, but I sure as hell pay attention to the state of Earth and lament what could and used to be. The Ol’ Hippy

  36. litesong

     /  November 18, 2016

    This modified construct is from bits & pieces posted on another site:

    Between August to May, when direct solar energy is near or at its least effect, anomalous High Arctic temperatures AND OVER-AVERAGE TIME PERIODS have just went berserk. Yes, the term High Arctic Berserker is in play…. & more fitting than other applications to the Norse Warrior term.
    High Arctic temperatures over nearly 4 million square kilometers, have reached their highest satellite recorded anomaly temperatures, now 19degC. over average. Of course, this recent vast inundation of southern heat to High Arctic darkness is on top of the nearly 70 straight days of over-energy heat that has battled Arctic ice formation. The over-heating may NOT be ending, could easily continue well past 100 days, & even beyond 150 straight days, as shown in the paragraph below.
    Two plus years ago, High Arctic temperatures for 140 straight days were over average(1958 to the present). From the end of 2015 into 2016, there were 150 straight days over average temperature. For 100 straight days during that period, temperatures were 3degC to 11degC over average. Other more distant time periods had 100 straight days or a bit less with over average temperatures. For 10 years the sun has been at a low solar TSI (including a 3+ year period, setting a 100 year record low). But, Earth temperatures have not returned to early 20th century levels. For 385+(?) straight months, Earth temperatures have been over the 20th century average.
    With the High Arctic in darkness for almost 2 months to date:
    1990’s decade of Arctic sea ice extent to date was 4% less than that of the 1980’s.
    2000’s decade of Arctic sea ice extent to date was 10% less than that of the 1980’s.
    The year 2016 of Arctic sea ice extent to date is 23% less than that of the 1980’s.
    The 1980’s average November 1 Arctic sea ice VOLUME was 18,100 cubic kilometers. November 1, 2016 Arctic sea ice VOLUME was 6400 cubic kilometers, a loss of 11,700 cubic kilometers or 64+%. The energy needed to melt this ice is 36 times the U.S. annual energy consumption… & that is the minimum energy based on lowest temperature ice just about to melt.

  1. From Pole to Pole, Global Sea Ice Values are Plummeting | robertscribbler
  2. Para O Oceano Ártico Acima de 80 Norte, Ainda é Verão em Novembro
  3. Rise of Trump and Trudeau haven’t changed need for radical climate action – Resilience

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