Why the Global Coral Bleaching Event That Began in 2014 May Just Keep Going and Going

From October of 2014 through June of 2016, the world was in the grips of a powerful El Nino. And throughout this event, the oceans spewed back some of the massive volume of heat they’ve been accumulating in their depths due to global warming. As a result, atmospheric and ocean surface temperatures hit new record highs. And during 2016, global surface temperatures will likely average 1.2 C hotter than 1880s levels. This amount of warming is as considerable as it is harmful.

current-coral-bleaching-status

(A global coral bleaching event that began in 2014 continues. It is the longest coral bleaching event on record. But unless oceans somehow cool off, it won’t really end. With only a weak La Nina emerging following a strong El Nino and a record spike in global temperatures, there is some risk that this ongoing event will ebb and flare on a nearly indefinite basis. Continued fossil fuel burning, meanwhile, will continue to add heat to the global climate system — presenting worsening medium and long term bleaching pressure for corals. Image source: Coral Reef Watch.)

The Worst Global Coral Bleaching Event Ever Recorded… 

This new record spike in global surface temperatures set off the worst coral bleaching event ever recorded. Around the world, reef systems came under severe stress as sea surface and near surface temperatures exceeded 28-30 degrees Celsius.

Among the hardest hit regions were the reefs of Kiribati. There, sea surface temperatures hit up to 31.4 C on an extended basis. Such hot waters are now expected to have wiped out all but 1 to 5 percent of Kiribati’s living corals. So, for all practical purposes, the reefs of that island republic have been wiped out.

Overall, the event was very wide ranging — impacting corals throughout the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian Oceans as well as in the Persian Gulf, Mediterranean, and Red Sea. As an example, 95 percent of corals in US territories from Florida to the Gulf of Mexico, Caribbean, and Pacific experienced some level of bleaching.

sea-surface-temperature-anomalies

(A weak La Nina has probably already cooled ocean surfaces as much as they will be cooled during 2016 and 2017. But despite this cooling, ocean near-surface waters are still too hot for corals in many places. Relative, if mild, ocean surface warming should occur as ENSO is predicted to shift into neutral status. If coral bleaching is ongoing through La Nina, then it is unlikely to cease as the global ocean starts to warm again. Global sea surface temperature anomaly image source: Earth Nullschool.)

In Australia, the Great Barrier Reef (GBR) also saw its worst bleaching event on record. There, 93 percent of corals are reported to have experienced bleaching. Meanwhile, about 50 percent of corals have died in the northern section of the GBR. In the media, a controversy has raged over whether or not this event is the start of the great reef’s swansong. To be clear, the GBR was not killed off by the most recent large bleaching event. But it was dealt a very severe blow. With the world continuing to warm as fossil fuel burning remains ongoing, a similar blow could occur as soon as the next El Nino or the one after. And the story for many of the world’s remaining reefs could well be the same.

…Is Still Ongoing…

For after about two years now, and as the world has settled into the periodic natural cooling of ocean surfaces called La Nina, the global coral bleaching event that has so damaged the vital species that build the world’s reefs is still ongoing. Though diminished, and as ocean surface heat backed off during late 2016, NOAA has still identified numerous regions that are high risk for coral bleaching through at least February.

coral-bleaching-risk-through-february

The austral summer is expected to bring bleaching over far-flung regions encircling the southern part of the globe. Thankfully, most of the GBR is only under a bleaching watch for now. But bleaching warnings and alerts abound and, unfortunately, many reefs are likely to see continued die-offs even after El Nino has long since faded.

… And May Just, For all Practical Purposes, Continue

As the current La Nina is rather weak, and as it is predicted to shallow into an ENSO neutral state by spring, it appears that sea surface temperatures may be in the process of bottoming out. Global fossil fuel emissions, meanwhile, continue to add heat to the ocean system. As a result, the coral bleaching pressure that we are seeing during the period of November 2016 through February of 2017, unless we see a resurgence to a stronger La Nina event over the next year or two, could be the minimum we will see over the coming years. And if that is the case, then the coral bleaching event that hasn’t ended for the past two years may not really end at all.

Links:

NOAA Coral Reef Watch

NOAA El Nino

Earth Nullschool

Dr Gavin Schmidt of NASA GISS

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97 Comments

  1. wili

     /  November 22, 2016

    Wow. Bad news. And now more bad news on the emissions side of things: https://insideclimatenews.org/news/19052016/global-co2-emissions-still-accelerating-noaa-greenhouse-gas-index?utm_content=bufferd5d88&utm_medium=social&utm_source=facebook.com&utm_campaign=buffer

    “Far From Turning a Corner, Global CO2 Emissions Still Accelerating:

    The latest greenhouse gas inventory from NOAA shows CO2 and methane ‘going completely in the wrong direction.'”

    Reply
  2. wili

     /  November 22, 2016

    I find the news about the Kiribati reefs particularly sad. I have a friend who lived and worked their. We put together a program for a weekend retreat of faculty and staff at a college I used to work at, and one of the main themes we the effect of GW on Kiribati. I hadn’t known much about that particular situation before that. These are ecosystems and peoples at the forefront of the destructive forces we have unleashed on the world.

    Reply
  3. wili

     /  November 22, 2016

    Robert, have you seen this paper: http://www.nature.com/nclimate/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nclimate3161.html

    “Ocean acidification can mediate biodiversity shifts by changing biogenic habitat”

    From the abstract:

    “[Ocean Acidification]-driven habitat loss may exacerbate the direct negative effects of OA on coastal biodiversity; however, we lack evidence of the predicted biodiversity increase in systems where habitat-forming species could benefit from acidification. Overall, a combination of direct effects and community-mediated indirect effects will drive changes in the extent and structural complexity of biogenic habitat, which will have important ecosystem effects.”

    (I think they try a bit too hard to keep with value-neutral language in that last sentence.)

    Reply
    • I don’t see where acidification has ever resulted in an increase in biodiversity. Acid environments are arid, low-life supporting environments. That’s pretty much true anywhere. Extremophiles exist that can eek out an existence in such conditions, but they are the exception rather than the rule. In addition, the rate of CO2 increase is putting a never before seen acidification pressure on the oceans.

      Reply
      • I have to disagree about acid environments being low-life supporting. Amazon black-water rivers are quite acid (pHs of 4,5 are common, and smaller iguarapes may reach 4,0) and huge in biodiversity (for example http://fish.mongabay.com/biotope_amazon_blackwater.htm ). There are river biomes in South-east that are acidic and biodiverse too.

        But, of course, those are fresh-water, not salt-water environments. Everything that is in the oceans evolved for millions of years of VERY stable pH environments, as any aquarist that has ever tried to go from fresh-water aquariums to marine ones will know. Fresh-water fishes may handle small variations of pH, and sometimes need them to reproduce (of of the factors to control when simulating rain). Marine fishes are extremelly sensitive to any pH variation. So I don´t know which ” habitat-forming species could benefit from acidification” they expected to see in a coastal habitat… normally acid-loving fish (and plants, and invertebrates) need low dH too.

        Reply
  4. wili

     /  November 22, 2016

    And then there’s: “We Have Two Record Hot Days For Every Record Cold Day, and It’s Getting Worse”
    http://motherboard.vice.com/read/we-have-two-record-hot-days-for-every-record-cold-day-and-its-getting-worse

    (Don’t worry, I’m going to sleep soon, so won’t bug you anymore…’-) )

    Reply
  5. Tigertown

     /  November 22, 2016

    All the excess water vapor in the atmosphere currently seems to be out performing other GHG’s. If someone came up with an idea tomorrow to start removing CO2, then good, but the H2O has created it’s own feedback loop. A true monster has been created and turned loose.

    Reply
  6. Excellent and sobering piece Robert, thank you. This kind of critical information- 95-99% of all Kiribati’s reef dead!!? How extremely sad- will be even less covered than the near zero coverage it gets now in mainstream US press during the next four + years of Pence/Trump. We all need to bear as much witness to the destruction of non-human life by our species’ collective actions as we can.

    Also, in my neck of the woods in Seattle, USA, we’ve had a record hot November thus far (cooling back to ’81-’10 average temps very recently); it was our hottest first half of November on record. We’ve had around 9-10 days that hit 60 F and we hit 70 F on November 8th, the latest day on record Seattle has hit 70. Today, while out on the Burke Gilman Trail, I noticed multiple patches of newly grown, ripening, or fully ripe blackberries (of which I ate one). Three days before Thanksgiving. Just wow

    Reply
    • Thanks for your thoughts, Josh, and welcome. It’s absolutely crazy all the evidence we’re seeing around us and the fact that so much of media has failed to cover such instances. An effective media is vital to democracy and to the health of our world. That’s why we should encourage media to cover the right things. To inform people. Not to pander to the least common denominator. Bernie Sanders had some great things to say about this issue recently:

      https://www.c-span.org/video/?c4631473/bernie-sanders-exposes-corporate-media

      But we should be very clear that our criticism of the media’s failure to cover climate change is not an attack on the media as a whole. We should be clear that the media’s right to free speech is a sacred part of our democracy. Trump’s own attacks on the media are, thus, starkly different from our own criticisms which are aimed at media improvement and an expansion of voices that cover the ongoing climate crisis. Trump’s recent actions appear to be aimed at suppressing free speech in general and that should be very worrisome:

      http://thehill.com/homenews/administration/307127-report-trump-media-meeting-a-f-ing-firing-squad

      Reply
  7. redskylite

     /  November 22, 2016

    Today’s Australian Bureau of Meteorology ENSO wrap-up suggest the hoped for La Niña.is fading and a warm neutrality is settling in. Death of Corals will have a devastating effect on many communities, yet multitudes sit in front of their 50 inch T.V’s oblivious to what is happening. I have to admire people with a voice, like Robert Scribbler, and I am really impressed with the poet Jetnil-Kijiner from the Marshall Islands. I still am hoping for more from our mainstream media, much more.

    We are still at the beginning of tackling this problem, not a good time to have world leaders who still need convincing.

    “We’re the ones living these experiences,” she said in a interview on the sidelines of the climate talks. “I recognise poetry is a weird thing to have in this climate world, but it seems to work. And I want to do more of what works.”

    http://news.trust.org/item/20161118225353-skupz/

    Reply
    • redskylite

       /  November 22, 2016

      In the past fortnight, sea surface temperatures in the central tropical Pacific Ocean have warmed once again, further dampening chances of La Niña. The Southern Oscillation Index (SOI) has been negative since late October (La Niña values are typically positive) but remains neutral. Trade winds are currently close to average. Only cloudiness near the Date Line continues to show some La Niña-like characteristics.

      http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/enso/

      Reply
    • Thank you for this, Redsky.

      Reply
  8. redskylite

     /  November 22, 2016

    Not much news in our media of what wide spread destruction of corals will mean to us (human race). Like loss of livelihoods, food supply, protection from sea and I’m sure much more. Just how much more can we take ? Chilling times indeed.

    Reply
    • So a few simple facts:

      1. Corals support around 1 million additional species. They are the rain forests of the oceans.
      2. Hundreds of millions of people depend on corals for both food and livelihoods.
      3. 64 million people living on coastlines rely on corals to prevent coastal storm damage and coastal erosion. Loss of corals compounds the impact of global sea level rise.

      Reply
  9. Abel Adamski

     /  November 22, 2016

    Just a pick up , posting as previous reference in another article re “Slips”

    Not unheard of in the Shaky Isles (NZ) OK the headline is Click Bait

    http://www.northernstar.com.au/news/huge-silent-slip-quake-tearing-pars-nz-apart/3114445/

    A slow-slip “silent” quake under the east coast regions of the North Island has been triggered by last Monday’s massive Kaikoura Earthquake.
    Monitoring equipment has detected a large on-going slow-slip event deep below the earth’s surface under Hawke’s Bay and Gisborne regions.
    The silent quake has moved GPS stations 2-3cm.
    GNS scientists believe the unfolding quake, which could last months, was triggered by passing seismic waves from the 7.8 earthquake.

    The quakes, which are undetectable to humans and seismographs, can move faults the equivalent of magnitude 6 tremors over a period of weeks to months.

    Reply
  10. Abel Adamski

     /  November 22, 2016

    Another slightly off topic, but indicating that Increasing CO2 will reduce and eventually nullify volcano’s ability to cool the planet. That would have to be a factor that also relates to geoengineering our way out of the problem

    http://www.ottawacitizen.com/technology/climate+change+could+thwart+earth+cooling+effects+volcanic/12408843/story.html

    As the Earth’s atmosphere warms, the cooling effects of volcanic eruptions may be thwarted, according to a new study from the University of British Columbia.

    Large volcanic eruptions are able to spew sulphurous gases into the high reaches of the atmosphere, where they reflect light and heat from the sun back into space for several years.

    The problem is that the lower layers of the atmosphere are warming and expanding, so much so that 12 to 25 per cent less volcanic gas will be able to reach the stratosphere to do this vital job, said PhD student Thomas Aubry.

    By the end of this century, some volcanic plumes from large eruptions in tropical regions will not push high enough to spark the cooling effect, according to computer models based on climate scenarios created by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

    “Volcanic eruptions also release carbon dioxide into the atmosphere and that can have a warming effect, but on a 100 million-year time scale,” said Aubry. “That effect is negligible compared with the cooling effect of sulphur gases.”

    That is, if the gases can get there at all.

    Reply
    • That’s an issue now. A Pinatubo today would not have the same impact as it did in the 1990s. Aerosols are already pretty crowded up there due to so much coal burning globally. And the cooling potential is only about 0.3 to 0.5 C for a single year. Not a big deal when you are dealing with 1.2 C warming and higher.

      Reply
  11. danabanana

     /  November 22, 2016

    “Danish and US researchers monitoring satellites and Arctic weather stations are surprised and alarmed by air temperatures peaking at what they say is an unheard-of 20C higher than normal for the time of year. In addition, sea temperatures averaging nearly 4C higher than usual in October and November.”

    Someone needs to tell them that this is the new normal…

    Reply
      • danabanana

         /  November 22, 2016

        Suddenly Peter Wadhams has become that bit more credible.

        Reply
        • So I don’t like the tendency to discredit concerns. If we do not agree with Wadhams, we should do so on the basis of facts at hand, not emotional responses to a possible extreme scenario that people may disbelieve at the time just due to how seemingly extraordinary that event may be.

          That said, we cannot claim that Wadhams was right until after the fact. This fall’s losses have been extreme. Let’s hope that the rest of winter doesn’t look like this. Unfortunately, with La Nina flickering, there’s a tendency for heat to move that way. But this La Nina is notably weak.

          Wadhams also draws criticism for his support of geo-engineering based solar radiation management technologies. This criticism, in my view, is a valid but separate issue.

        • danabanana

           /  November 23, 2016

          Robert, Prof. Wadhams has decades of experience working in the Arctic behind him which is why I tend to listen to him and not to deniers. I also disagree on the GE issue but, as things are, what else can be done to prevent the 3°C from happening?

      • Scheduling tweet on this, thanks. Independent covered same stuff, quoting mostly Wadhams FYI.

        Reply
  12. Abel Adamski

     /  November 22, 2016

    Another tool
    http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/32545/20161122/world-fastest-gas-detector-uses-light-fight-global-warming.htm

    MIREGAS, a Horizon 2020 project that uses new photonics technology, aims to deliver a single, multi-band gas sensor that can easily be deployed in strategic points of methane emissions, such as on oil rigs, or in industrial areas, and monitor dozens of greenhouse gases all at once.

    The new device uses a novel light source, where the wavelengths of light can be selected more accurately and other gas mixtures. It can pick out poisonous gases from a mixture of emissions, including methane, ethane, butane, propane, carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide, hydrogen sulfide and benzene all from one compact filter. Current technology can take up to 10 seconds to detect harmful emissions, but MIREGAS detect dozens of emissions effectively in milliseconds and in near real-time.

    Reply
  13. Abel Adamski

     /  November 22, 2016

    Compounding factors
    http://www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/pollution-from-india-china-reaches-stratosphere-speeds-up-global-warming-116112200604_1.html

    Pollutants from China and India, are not only increasing in quantity but are also being pumped to greater heights in the atmosphere, thanks to the South Asian summer monsoon system, scientists have discovered.

    In turn, this pollution is affecting the very pattern of the South Asian monsoon. The polluting aerosols, from the burning of fossil fuels and, to a lesser extent, biomass, also absorb heat from the sun’s radiation, further increasing global warming.

    A new paper published in the journal Climate Dynamics in November concludes that aerosols have strong impacts on regional monsoon rainfall and circulation. The scientists found that the complex and steep topography of the Himalayan foothills help in the build-up of thick layers of dust aerosols transported by monsoon winds from the Arabian deserts across the Arabian Sea. This build-up of aerosols causes the monsoon to arrive early.

    These findings are important not only for climate change, but also for predicting the Asian monsoon in the future.

    Reply
  14. Abel Adamski

     /  November 22, 2016

    http://siberiantimes.com/ecology/casestudy/news/n0793-no-global-warming-in-siberia-donald-trump/

    No global warming in Siberia, Donald Trump?
    By The Siberian Times reporter
    21 November 2016

    Russia’s coldest region is up to 20C milder than average this month, say meteorologists.
    The Arctic district of Verkhoyansk, one of the coldest in habited places in the world, recorded a temperature of 19.2C on 18 November, some 19C above average.

    The district is in Yakutia, also known as the Sakha Republic, and in parts of the Arctic north of this region temperatures are even more surprising.

    In the village of Olenek on the same day weathermen recorded minus 5.1C, a record warm. In the remote port of Tiksi, it was only minus 3C.

    In Chukotka, on the Arctic shore, a November record was registered of a remarkable 4C, with a daily average of 20C milder than usual.
    The director of Wrangel Island Nature Reserve Alexander Gruzdev has reported that the entire autumn saw unusually warm temperatures. ‘This year we have abnormal situation – autumn was very warm,’ he said.

    US president-elect has famously stated: ‘The concept of global warming was created by and for the Chinese in order to make U.S. manufacturing non-competitive.’

    Still, the latest weather is not consistent with Western Siberia and the Urals facing extreme cold.

    Abnormal cold was registered in Omsk region, for example, between 14-20 November, with a low of minus 33C, and a daily average some 10C below typical ranges.

    The night of 21 November saw minus 50 in Ulagan, Altai Republic, with roe deer approaching houses in search of food.

    Abnormal was cold also recorded in Tyumen, Tomsk, Novosibirsk, Kemerovo and Krasnoyarsk regions. In Tyumen region, some schools were shut due to the extreme low temperatures.

    Reply
  15. Natural disasters are growing, but media attention focuses on politics and material matters, giving emphasis to wealth and society and overlooking environmental problems. Thus, America’s internal shock troops, its police and military mercenaries, are emboldened to make unrestrained attacks on citizens striving to protect the environment and limit fossil fuel development.

    Reply
  16. Genomik

     /  November 22, 2016

    Doubling down on stupid!

    Right-Wing Group Led By Trump Propagandist Launches Campaign Against Elon Musk, Tesla And SpaceX

    “A right-wing propaganda group led by one of Donald Trump’s top propagandists recently launched a campaign called ‘Stop Elon From Failing Again’. According to their manifesto, the initiative aims to stop Elon Musk from “defrauding” American taxpayers through his companies, Tesla and SpaceX.

    The effort is backed by conservative public relations specialists and Trump insiders which are funded by fossil fuel interests. Unsurprisingly, it is full of misinformation about Tesla, electric vehicles, and solar energy.”

    https://electrek.co/2016/11/22/elon-musk-right-wing-trump-propaganda-campaign-against-tesla-spacex/

    Reply
    • Thanks for this Genomik. Just re-posted to my facebook page. This is kind of a ‘well-duh’ facepalm moment for me. Trump ran on this stuff. His election has now empowered the anti-renewables groups. These key industries will be attacked and they will be attacked broadly. We will have to figure out some kind of strategy to counter this. But we face a hard fight.

      Reply
  17. June

     /  November 22, 2016

    Meanwhile in the reality-based world…

    Tesla Flexes Its Solar Muscle By Powering An Entire Pacific Island

    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/tesla-american-samoa_us_583469a1e4b058ce7aacf9b6

    Reply
  18. June

     /  November 22, 2016

    A new FERC ruling that would boost renewables, but it still has a 60 day comment period after which it could be scrapped or amended. Timing is everything.

    The feds just gave batteries and rooftop solar panels access to big-time energy markets

    Distributed energy will be able to play in wholesale energy markets. That’s a big deal…
    There’s a wide range of DERs: generation, like rooftop solar; storage, like home or EV batteries; and smart software/devices/appliances, like the Nest thermostat…

    One of the best ways to scale up DERs is to give aggregators access to wholesale energy markets. That’s where the big money and long-term contracts are. If aggregators can participate in those markets, it could give distributed energy a rocket boost.

    http://www.vox.com/science-and-health/2016/11/22/13703348/ferc-distributed-energy-wholesale-power-markets

    Reply
    • What this means is that consumers will have more direct access to plug and play renewable energy products. Aggregators help to place these products on the market and make them more accessible. Many view this as the next wave in renewable energy market expansion.

      Reply
  19. Hi Robert, I’ve been reading your blog for a while and wanted to thank you. I have learned a lot here and appreciate the community of like-minded folks.

    Though still experimental, this looks encouraging (something we all need!):

    https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/scientists-take-another-step-toward-safely-burying-co2/

    Reply
    • So renewables are now getting deployed that produce no carbon that needs to be captured at all. But I do think that pretty much all existing fossil fuel infrastructure should be required to have CCS that actually works and that doesn’t wreck water supplies or be slated for planned shut-downs. In other words, this stuff is still in the lab. And unless it’s on power plants on a mass scale, it’s not doing anything to help carbon emissions. Renewables are now replacing fossil fuels. And that is actually helping matters. That shift should be faster.

      Reply
  20. Dave McGinnis

     /  November 22, 2016

    Work is being done to make corals more numerous and resilient.
    https://mote.org/research/program/coral-reef-restoration

    Reply
    • It’s good work. But seed efforts of more resilient species are most likely to, at best, create islands of surviving corals against the backdrop of an ocean wasteland. Without substantial mitigation, corals don’t stand a chance against combined acidification and warming.

      Reply
  21. Greg

     /  November 22, 2016

    No link yet but listening to NYTimes reporter’s meeting with Trump. Among other things, Trump was said to agree on the significance of climate change and agreed with scientists. “Backed off of many hardline positions from campaign”. We will see…

    Reply
    • utoutback

       /  November 22, 2016

      If indeed DJT has “backed off” that would be just one more indicator that he will say anything that suits his purpose in the moment. Really, you can not BELIEVE a thing that comes out of his mouth, because he will say something different tomorrow as things shift. We really have no idea what Donald is going to do, but look at the Republican congress and his appointees and the picture clears considerably.

      Reply
    • Interesting…

      Reply
  22. Cate

     /  November 22, 2016

    https://theconversation.com/radical-overhaul-needed-to-halt-earths-sixth-great-extinction-event-68221

    A step back, a wider perspective and context. By mid-century there will be 9 billion of us “consuming ever more land, water, and natural resources…..”

    “Are we preaching doom? Far from it. What we’re saying, however, is that life on Earth is ultimately a zero-sum game. Humans cannot keep growing in number and consuming ever more land, water and natural resources and expect all to be well.
    Limiting harmful climate change has become a catchphrase for battling such maladies. But solutions to the modern extinction crisis must go well beyond this.
    We also have to move urgently to slow human population growth, reduce overconsumption and overhunting, save remaining wilderness areas, expand and better protect our nature reserves, invest in conserving critically endangered species, and vote for leaders who make these issues a priority.”

    Reply
  23. coloradobob

     /  November 22, 2016

    Reply
    • Cate

       /  November 22, 2016

      And after Jack died, Bobby:

      “A revolution is coming — a revolution which will be peaceful if we are wise enough; compassionate if we care enough; successful if we are fortunate enough — but a revolution is coming whether we will it or not. We can affect its character; we cannot alter its inevitability.”

      Reply
      • coloradobob

         /  November 23, 2016

        I watched “Mississippi Burning” the other night, once again. I am one of the few white men in Texas that know the tale of Emmit Till. I had new motorcycle in 80’s, I named him , “Emmit”. I had a 1954 International Harvester named, “Oliva De Travlin”.

        This entire idea in America now that white people are somehow “oppressed” needs to be confronted. We murdered . And Enslaved. Millions who to took their land. Our Capital was was built by black slaves.

        The Pipeline fight tonight goes back to Jamestown. We will take your land.

        Reply
  24. Cate

     /  November 22, 2016

    He doesn’t like windfarms, not one little bit. As he told Nigel Farage, the gormless architect of Brexit, last week in NYC, windfarms spoil the beautiful Scottish countryside.

    “He has got a bugbear – he doesn’t like wind farms at all. He says ‘when I look out of my window and I see these windmills, it offends me. You’ve got to do something about these windmills. Let’s put them offshore, why spoil the beautiful countryside?'”

    http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-scotland-politics-38069605

    Reply
  25. coloradobob

     /  November 22, 2016

    Reply
  26. coloradobob

     /  November 22, 2016

    Otto Expected to Strike Central America as a Hurricane

    Otto should reach Central America as at least a Category 1 hurricane, and Category 2 or even higher strength cannot be ruled out. The most reliable intensity model for existing tropical cyclones, the HWRF, has consistently projected that Otto will become a solid Category 2 storm. The SHIPS model gives Otto a 30% chance of reaching top sustained winds of 90 knots (105 mph) by Tuesday morning, and an 18% chance of reaching 115 knots (135 mph, minimal Category 4 strength) by Wednesday morning.

    No storm ever observed in the Atlantic, including the Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico, is known to have attained a strength of Category 2 or higher after November 20. See below for more details on late-season Atlantic climatology.

    https://www.wunderground.com/blog/JeffMasters/comment.html?entrynum=3510#commenttop

    Reply
  27. coloradobob

     /  November 22, 2016

    RS, off the wires today, for your drought article.
    Is The World Running Out Of Water? Bolivia Declares National Emergency Amid Drought

    In the latest sign of the devastating impact of global warming, Bolivia’s government has declared a state of emergency in the wake of the country’s worst drought in 25 years. President Evo Morales made the announcement Monday, authorizing national and local governments to use state funds to attempt to control a crisis that has led to severe water rationing and protests in the South American nation.

    Morales said during a press conference Bolivians “have to be prepared for the worst.” Earlier this month, neighborhoods in and around the capital of La Paz had a rationing plan imposed, forcing residents to go without water for 60 hours at a time before getting 12 hours of access. On Monday, that was extended to periods of three days without water and just three hours to replenish their supply.

    Link

    Reply
    • Thanks for this, Bob. Still working on it and this is both very concerning and very helpful.

      Reply
      • coloradobob

         /  November 23, 2016

        These attacks of on government are telling . Brazil , Bolivia , everyone demands something that has disappeared. Replacing water mangers ain’t fix no water.

        Reply
  28. coloradobob

     /  November 22, 2016

    In 2004, a lack of access to water in Bolivia’s second largest city, El Alto, prompted residents to take to the streets in protest. As a result, the control of water was taken out of private hands and into those of the state.

    Large protests have erupted again in El Alto over the latest drought. Last week, residents took water supply officials hostage, demanding a solution to the crisis.

    Mr. Trump’s fence is going to turn right at San Diego and head North to Alaska.

    Reply
  29. coloradobob

     /  November 22, 2016

    From a Danish chess grand master, when asked what he would take to a match with a computer :

    ” A hammer. “

    Reply
  30. climatehawk1

     /  November 22, 2016

    Tweet scheduled.

    Reply
  31. coloradobob

     /  November 23, 2016

    I’ve been reading fake news for years, think WUWT.
    That’s the template.
    It’s TMZ news, that’s our problem. That’s the Big Media format An endless stream rich bozos coming out resturants, clubs, workouts, and courts.

    3 dead polar bears wash up on a beach in Scotland . And what that means. Get run over like a cross town bus.

    Just watch “Good Morning America” , a Disney product, 2 mins of news And it’s off the latest breakdown of some rich jackass. Then we get “deep” reporting.

    It’s not fake news, it’s “pop corn news”, empty crap about people who will never stand in line with you at the supermarket. It’s about jiggling the keys it front of the baby. It’s bread and circuses. except the circus in first now.

    Kayne West is in the metal ward in LA. Hundreds of hours will be given to him. The drought in Bolivia ………. zip.

    Reply
  32. coloradobob

     /  November 23, 2016

    RS –

    Ten years from now you will write a book called , ” The Polar Bear Death”.

    You will start with a bear swimming due North over 600 miles of open ocean. With 2 cubs.
    When she reaches it, there are no seals ,and she has no cubs.

    That just happened.

    Which brings me to the seals . Their population crashes with the bears. They needed the ice more than than the bears.
    This entire melt out has hammered them the most.

    We are killing the North , and South as fast we can , so Kim Kardastian can show her ass.

    Reply
  33. coloradobob

     /  November 23, 2016

    We are killing the North , and South as fast we can , so Mr. Trump can gild his last plot.

    The only thing that matters is that we all bering more gold to his tower.

    Reply
    • http://poems.com/poem.php?date=17128

      Dutch Elm

      I miss the elms, their “crowns of airy dreams,”
      as Virgil calls them, their towering cathedral branching
      spread into a ceiling above the lonely sidewalks of Ohio
      where the first elm deaths were reported in America.
      I miss in particular the perspective looking down
      the distances of all those Elm-named streets disappearing
      into dusk, the last sun turned the stained blue of church windows.
      I miss standing there, letting the welcome dark make me invisible.
      I miss the birds starting to sleep, their talking in their songs becoming
      silent, then their silence. I even miss not standing there.
      And I miss a life of nothing but such moments, as if they’d never
      happened and all you had to go on was their memory
      and the feeling in the memory forgotten but brought back
      again and again because you miss someone you loved forever.

      Stanley Plumly

      Reply
  34. An unlikely event, Otto could destroy some of the locks in the Panama Canal. Global shipping hung out to dry. But more likely, the Chinese construction of another canal through Nicaragua and its vast lake could ruin their construction plans and all the local people, who have been protesting the Chinese canal for over a year, and leave the country in dire straits. Would China walk away?

    Reply
  35. Washington Post embraces ‘fake news’ by printing debunked climate misinformation: Climate Progress
    https://thinkprogress.org/washington-post-fake-news-lomborg-climate-e13681c350f8#.bjjiijqvv

    Reply
  1. Why the Global Coral Bleaching Event That Began in 2014 May Just Keep Going and Going | robertscribbler | GarryRogers Nature Conservation

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