June of 2017 Was Third Hottest on Record for Globe

According to NOAA, June of 2017 was the third hottest such month in the global climate record since temperature tracking began in 1880. For NASA, June was also the third hottest on record with June of 2016 settling in at 1st hottest, and 2015 and 1998 tied as second hottest. Overall, global temperatures were about 0.91 degrees Celsius warmer than late 19th Century averages in the NASA record and about 1.02 degrees Celsius warmer than the same time period in the NOAA record.

(NASA’s land-ocean temperature graphic showed most of the world blanketed in much warmer than normal conditions. Image source: NASA.)

Around the globe, various climate extremes were quite visible as a result of such considerable warmth. Arctic sea ice extent was 6th lowest on record according to NSIDC while Arctic sea ice volume was the lowest ever recorded according to PIOMAS. NSIDC also found that Antarctic sea ice extent was the second lowest on record. Combined, global sea ice area was the lowest ever recorded.

Weather disasters included severe hydrological events likely influenced by increasing atmospheric water vapor content and evaporation rates due to climate change. These comprised Bangladesh’s devastating June floods and a still ongoing African drought spurring worsening hunger and increasing instances of mass migration. Meanwhile, seven maximum temperature records were broken with the highest temperature ever recorded in Asia during June occurring at Ahwaz in Iran on June 29 and an all-time national June heat record set in the United Arab Emirates on June 16th. Notably, no new all-time cold temperature records were set across the globe during June.

If present trends continue, 2017 is now on track to be the second hottest year in the global climate record. This despite a noted lack of El Nino in the Pacific following a very weak La Nina during late 2016 and running into early 2017. Though not as warm as 2016, it appears that 2017 will range about 1.1 C above late 19th Century values in the NASA record (according to analysis by Gavin Schmidt) along the current path.

This is a very warm range that is likely to keep pushing the climate system into gradually more extreme conditions. Atmospheric CO2, which is rapidly rising due to rampant fossil fuel burning, is likely to average around 407 ppm in 2017. As a result, global atmospheric heat forcing is on the rise with the trend likely to continue upward pending a major reduction in greenhouse gas emissions. Meteorologists, climate scientists, risk experts and climate journalists should therefore remain on heightened alert for dangerous trends related to global climate change.

(UPDATED)

Links:

NASA GISS

NOAA’s Center For Environmental Information

NSIDC

The Polar Science Center

Category 6

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23 Comments

  1. A little bit of good news, coming from the small things in the world (maybe a sliver of hope for corals?): http://nautil.us/issue/29/Scaling/when-evolution-is-infectious

    Reply
  2. Abel Adamski

     /  July 19, 2017

    We must understand those who wish us ill

    First of two very important pieces by George Monbiot

    https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/jul/19/despot-disguise-democracy-james-mcgill-buchanan-totalitarian-capitalism

    It’s the missing chapter: a key to understanding the politics of the past half century. To read Nancy MacLean’s new book, Democracy in Chains: The Deep History of the Radical Right’s Stealth Plan for America, is to see what was previously invisible.

    Buchanan, in collaboration with business tycoons and the institutes they founded, developed a hidden programme for suppressing democracy on behalf of the very rich. The programme is now reshaping politics, and not just in the US.

    Buchanan was strongly influenced by both the neoliberalism of Friedrich Hayek and Ludwig von Mises, and the property supremacism of John C Calhoun, who argued in the first half of the 19th century that freedom consists of the absolute right to use your property (including your slaves) however you may wish; any institution that impinges on this right is an agent of oppression, exploiting men of property on behalf of the undeserving masses.

    James Buchanan brought these influences together to create what he called public choice theory. He argued that a society could not be considered free unless every citizen has the right to veto its decisions. What he meant by this was that no one should be taxed against their will. But the rich were being exploited by people who use their votes to demand money that others have earned, through involuntary taxes to support public spending and welfare. Allowing workers to form trade unions and imposing graduated income taxes were forms of “differential or discriminatory legislation” against the owners of capital.

    Any clash between “freedom” (allowing the rich to do as they wish) and democracy should be resolved in favour of freedom. In his book The Limits of Liberty, he noted that “despotism may be the only organisational alternative to the political structure that we observe.” Despotism in defence of freedom.

    His prescription was a “constitutional revolution”: creating irrevocable restraints to limit democratic choice. Sponsored throughout his working life by wealthy foundations, billionaires and corporations, he developed a theoretical account of what this constitutional revolution would look like, and a strategy for implementing it.

    But his power really began to be felt when Koch, currently the seventh richest man in the US, decided that Buchanan held the key to the transformation he sought. Koch saw even such ideologues as Milton Friedman and Alan Greenspan as “sellouts”, as they sought to improve the efficiency of government rather than destroy it altogether. But Buchanan took it all the way.

    MacLean says that Charles Koch poured millions into Buchanan’s work at George Mason University, whose law and economics departments look as much like corporate-funded thinktanks as they do academic faculties. He employed the economist to select the revolutionary “cadre” that would implement his programme (Murray Rothbard, at the Cato Institute that Koch founded, had urged the billionaire to study Lenin’s techniques and apply them to the libertarian cause). Between them, they began to develop a programme for changing the rules.

    The papers Nancy MacLean discovered show that Buchanan saw stealth as crucial.

    I have only posted selected sections, it is far worse than just that

    Reply
    • We’ve suffered from this ideology for at least the past 40 years.

      Reply
    • I think the present healthcare debate is an allegory of this larger struggle. On the one side, you have republicans who are trying to both cut taxes for the rich and programs that help the American people running into a wall when those cuts result in very severe harm to their political constituents. They explode the debt, cast millions off healthcare roles and risk early death to millions more, harm medical jobs, and produce a gigantic economic black hole.

      No matter how misinformed, people don’t want to lose their healthcare or pay for a plan that basically provides no health service while seeing the wealthy gain more of the economic pie as the country wallows in ever-worsening debt (throwing their increasingly hard-earned money into a health care black hole).

      On the other hand, you have progressives that want a single payer system that would reduce medical costs and expand coverage to all Americans. Who want a graduated tax code that will continue to fund federal programs and prevent these kinds of massive debt explosions that we see every time republicans come into power at the federal level.

      One set is protecting the interests of only a few private entities. The other set is protecting the interests of the American people at large.

      The only way the right can win on this reverse Robin hood approach is to continue to misinform the American public. Once the dire consequences become realized, there is no way for their bankrupt ideology to continue to exist or remain supported by the broader public. And it is for this reason that the hard republican base is increasingly inculcated in a kind of religious-like dogmatic set of views.

      Reply
  3. Abel Adamski

     /  July 19, 2017

    https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/feb/02/corporate-dark-money-power-atlantic-lobbyists-brexit

    How corporate dark money is taking power on both sides of the Atlantic
    George Monbiot

    In April 1938, President Franklin Roosevelt sent the US Congress the following warning: “The liberty of a democracy is not safe if the people tolerate the growth of private power to a point where it becomes stronger than their democratic state itself. That, in its essence, is fascism.” It is a warning we would do well to remember.

    Two historical and current items, the power of the vote must be maximised before it is gone

    Reply
    • Dave Person

       /  July 19, 2017

      Hi Abel,
      A bit OT but my favorite historian of American history, David Hackett Fisher, wrote a seminal book about US political and social history called “Albion’s Seed”. The premise of the book is that there were 4 waves of immigration from Britain before our War of Independence that had profound influence on the social and political divisions in America then and now. The first wave was the “displaced cavaliers”, emigrants associated with wealthy and aristocratic families that colonized tidewater Virginia. The second wave was the Puritans to New England, the third wave was the Quakers to southern NJ and Pennsylvania, and the fourth wave was the “border people” who we sometimes call Scotch-Irish, to the colonial frontiers. The cavaliers had a hegemonic notion of freedom and liberty, an elite proportion of society was free supported by their “unfree” servants (and ultimately slaves). The Quakers and the Puritans believed that societies were free but all members had responsibilities and obligations to those societies such that individual liberty was less important. Finally, the border people believed in strong freedoms and liberties for individuals and were suspicious of all governments, institutions, and anyone that did not come from their family clans or tribes. Today, we are seeing a hegemonic wealthy elite manipulating (through fear) those obsessed with individual rights to create an American society that works only for a few and has little sense of collective good. The societies of Puritans and Quakers with their many maritime enterprises, eventually dominated both coasts of America, while the cavaliers and border people flooded into the south, heartland, and Rocky Mountain west.

      dave

      Reply
      • Hilary

         /  July 20, 2017

        Thanks for this Dave, I find this a very interesting, useful explanation for the current social situation in USA. And ,ooops, have to admit the uncle (I think) of the first Brit immigrant to NZ on my mother’s side, was a doctor in Williamsburg in the later years just prior to the War.
        Hilary

        Reply
        • The early U.S. colonies were a rough place. In the U.S., I think we still tend to idealize those times. But Lincoln’s ‘generations of toil’ is closer to the mark.

    • Jane Mayer of the NYTimes has a good book:”Dark Money..The Hidden History of the Billionaires Behind the Rise of the Radical Right”..I have to stop all the time as I am shocked bec all their power

      Reply
    • Echoes of the oft-stated republican goal of getting government so small you can drown it in a bathtub.

      Reply
  4. wili

     /  July 19, 2017

    More on 2017 looking to be 2nd hottest on record here:

    “At Midway Point, 2017 Is 2nd-Hottest Year on Record”

    http://www.climatecentral.org/news/midway-point-2017-2nd-hottest-year-21625

    Reply
  5. wili

     /  July 19, 2017

    ” Climate denial is like The Matrix; more Republicans are choosing the red pill

    The wall of Republican climate denial is starting to crack; who will be the Neo that accelerates the process?”

    https://www.theguardian.com/environment/climate-consensus-97-per-cent/2017/jul/19/climate-denial-is-like-the-matrix-more-republicans-are-choosing-the-red-pill

    “…an amendment to cut Department of Defense (DoD) funding for a study on how climate change will impact national security over the next 20 years was defeated by a vote of 185-234, including 46 Republicans (led by 22 of the 24 Republican members of the Climate Solutions Caucus) voting against the amendment.”

    Reply
    • It’s good to see that a decent number of republicans are waking up on the issue of climate change. I’m still concerned about the party as a whole. But, perhaps, there is some hope in the notion that these republicans can accept government’s necessary role in helping to avert this crisis. Of course, from the climate hawk perspective this role is not merely based in study but also in policies like the Clean Power Plan, measures to put a price on Carbon, and other measures to speed renewable energy adoption, increase efficiency, and cut carbon emissions.

      Reply
  6. wili

     /  July 19, 2017

    The number is now up to: More than 45,000 people displaced by B.C. wildfires

    ‘Evacuations prompted by wildfires in central B.C. are approaching record levels for the province, officials said Tuesday.

    The total number of people displaced by the fires is now estimated at 45,806, according to Robert Turner, deputy minister for Emergency Management B.C.

    “This number has changed fairly significantly in the past 48 hours and that has to do primarily with getting better information from local governments,” Turner said.

    “It’s becoming one of the largest displacement events in the history of the province.”‘

    http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/british-columbia/bc-wildfires-tuesday-1.4210370

    Reply
  7. wili

     /  July 19, 2017

    New paper by Hansen on trajectories for exit from the Anthropocene, where he compares the cost of carbon drawdown vs mitigation. The paper is comprehensive enuf to be a review, and many of the usual suspects are on the list of authors. Apart from it’s contents, the reference list is very valuable also.

    open access

    http://www.earth-syst-dynam.net/8/577/2017/esd-8-577-2017.html

    thnx to sidd at asif for text and link

    Reply
  8. Once upon a time… our planet got really hot:

    Burning Fossil Fuels Almost Ended All Life on Earth

    H/T to
    Desdemona

    Reply
  9. Vic

     /  July 19, 2017

    Tesla appointing James Murdoch as a board member seems a significant move. Perhaps it’s a top-down approach of advertising clean energy solutions to conservatives.

    https://electrek.co/2017/07/17/tesla-new-board-members-jco-ceo-linda-johnson-rice-and-21st-century-fox-ceo-james-murdoch/

    Reply
    • James Murdoch has notably differing views on climate change from his father Rupert. I’m not too sure that James has any other views that I agree with, though. The Murdochs politics overall have been pretty terrible from jump. But James views on climate change are an exception.

      Reply
  1. June of 2017 Was Third Hottest on Record for Globe | Technozilla

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